America and Chinese rise | By Imtiaz Rafi Butt

American and Chinese rise

Over the past three decades, countries like China as well as Hong Kong, Vietnam, Singapore and South Korea have achieved enormous levels of growth in trade, education, development, research and stability. economic.

This rise of these countries has far-reaching effects on Asia’s regional politics and on the politics of world domination.

The center of power shifts. There is considerable resistance from the West and its allies. All parties are pressured to weigh their options.

China is leading the Asian bloc into uncharted territories and there are only a handful of policy frameworks that will lead to a sustainable future and an environment of security and growth for developed and developing countries in the West and from the east.

The United States remains by far the most powerful country in the world, although some of its economic indicators have been overtaken by China.

It still has the technology, military might, and diplomatic power to dominate any nation in the world.

But it is also true that it is in the “early decline” phase. The reason behind this is that his politics are highly polarized. Donald Trump was a manifestation of deep fissures in American society.

American politics has been divided into an “us versus them” mindset. Trumpism has widened these fissures and developed them into a full-fledged internal division.

In the parlance of many intellectuals, “Trump is gone but Trumpism is still alive”. According to a poll, 80% of decisions made by the US Congress only benefit the richest 10% of the country.

This will lead to the ultimate demise of the United States. Another compelling reason why China will rise and the US will lose its global leadership position is its lack of strategic goals.

A clear contrast appears when we observe the strategies adopted by the American government during its conflict with the Soviet Union.

The clear goal was to disrupt the Soviet economy while outpacing all economic indicators through better technology, improved trade, and highly technical industrial growth.

And all of these goals have been achieved. This led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, but this does not happen in the case of China.

America is at an impasse. There is no policy framework, no plan and no strategic objectives in place.

In a survey conducted in New York, more than 80% of people saw China as a threat and an enemy of the United States, but none of them could give a cautious reason.

And this is the situation that prevails in the American government. They are against China but they refuse to write down the reasons and the way to deal with China.

Before the election, Biden gave a clear message to the masses that high tariff rates on Chinese exports to the US are hurting businesses and jobs are being lost, but now he has backtracked on all those claims. and US government policies are more or less the same as Trump.

The only option visible to the international community by the American people and government is a negative attitude.

There are pervasive prejudices against China and Xi Jinping. Trade wars have actually hurt the US economy.

The US government knows it cannot afford direct war and confrontation with China.

So most of the time there is just a simple demonstration of power. In the event of war, the two countries possess considerable nuclear arsenals and there would be no winners in a military conflict between China and the United States.

The effects would be crippling for the world as well as for these two nations. Thus, in this context, military options are not feasible as standard.

This narrows the policy options the United States has for China. Many conspiracy theorists have conceptualized that Americans can use covert approaches to destroy China’s development and ascendancy.

With control of the country in the hands of the central Communist Party and the deployment of advanced technologies in surveillance, vigilance, public order and strict enforcement, there is no chance of regime change. could be initiated by American secret agencies.

Furthermore, China has learned from the experience of the Soviet Union and the Arab Spring where insiders were bribed to overthrow the country’s regime for the benefit of another nation.

All the schemes and strategies adopted in Taiwan and Hong Kong have failed. The military presence is countered at all times by the Chinese military without fail.

All measures taken by the US government are easily countered by the Chinese. Among all these options that are not viable for China, what is the right approach that can be taken by the United States for its better future and that of Asia?

The answer lies in sustained commitment. Above all, the ASEAN countries can prove to be a bridge between the two powers.

They can help realign the political goals of both nations. Bilateral trade can reduce the risk of war and direct conflict.

There is a possibility of a world that is mutually dependent on each other for sustainable growth and survival and can be a driving force for coordination between these two superpowers.

It is necessary to transform the American mentality about China. Americans must accept China’s progress and its inevitable rise.

Americans forget that they are a migratory nation, a country born from the movement of Europeans in search of new continents, which has only happened for a few hundred years, while China is a historic nation with a history of more than 5000 years.

America has a lot to learn from China and vice versa. Americans still ignore the fact that China’s growth is due to Americans in many ways.

China has embraced the world view of trade and industry given by the best. It is a fact that China has beaten the West on its own ground.

Today it is the market leader in manufacturing, exports and raw material reserves. The West must accept this fact with honor, instead of penalizing and demonizing China for lifting its people out of poverty.

China does not want war with the Western United States. He is focused on uplifting his people, strengthening their economic and diplomatic relations, and securing their prosperous future, which cannot be denied.

The United States must change its national narrative towards China. For the simple reason of avoiding war, for mutual growth and the realization of the dream of a world where economic co-dependency ensures progress, growth and survival from the poorest to the richest.

Lessons must be learned, that adversarial politics is not the only way forward. Protectionism and engaging in trade wars are at odds with Western and American discourse at the WTO.

China’s ascendancy is inevitable, it is the need of the hour to engage with China in a way that maximizes mutual gains, especially for the developing world to share benefits and raise living standards. of his people.

The Chinese model has the potential to teach rich and poor countries alike to then do what they think is possible.

—The author is Chairman of the Lahore-based Jinnah Rafi Foundation.

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